China starts a study process for network development that should not reach the public until 2030.
China is preparing for the development of 6G technology with the prospect of reaching speeds of 1 TB (terabyte) per second. It would be equivalent to connections 8 thousand times faster than possible with fifth generation networks. Although the adoption of 5G is still in the world, the study stage was initiated by the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, which organized two working groups: one composed of executives and public agents, and the other by researchers.
The goal is to start discussions about the technological profile and the adoption of new standards that are expected to become commercial reality in 2030.
Experts indicate that the future 6G data network could reach speeds of 8,000 Gb / s (Gigabits per second, equivalent to 1 TB per second). The internet is expected to revolutionize the way we interact with technology, since, in addition to high speeds, sixth generation networks would have the potential to decrease latency (the measure of delay between sending and receiving responses) at imperceptible margins.
For this, it is estimated that this type of network uses very high frequencies in the terahertz (THz) range, which in itself will pose major engineering challenges: the higher the signal frequency, the smaller the area it covers. A sign at the terahertz house should cover about 10 meters only.
Because of this, a new signal amplification technology should be developed to avoid the need for a large concentration of antennas. Other challenges also involve energy consumption, with a focus on new material technologies and modern chip designs so that the 6G is a viable proposal in the commercial and environmental fields.
The Chinese interest in starting the 6G development process is not premature, since the 5G development cycle has also consumed several years and heavy investments. It is also important to note that Huawei is the world leader in equipment and technology for cellular infrastructure. The Chinese giant began research on the technology with the collaboration of 13 universities and research institutes.
The Japan entered the race and plans to take the 6G to the public in 2030.