slowing down your Wi-Fi
Enemies of Wi-Fi: Find out what could be compromising your wireless network and learn how to solve in a simple way
There are some factors that can hinder Wi-Fi, preventing the router from delivering all the performance that is expected. From electronics working in the same frequency range as the network to outdated devices, there are several possibilities to solve this problem. Therefore, before considering the purchase of new equipment, it is interesting to take some steps regarding the wireless connection.
The solutions are simple and can be done by anyone, but it is important to note that, if the user does not feel secure in relation to the router software, for example, it is worth resorting to a specialist in the subject.
1. Position of the router
Modems and routers may not be very interesting from an aesthetic point of view, but hiding these devices too much can compromise network performance. For the signal to be propagated in a more efficient way, try to position your access points in elevated places and in such a way that the signal spreads, avoiding most of the walls. This should eliminate the shadow areas and expand the signal range around the home or office a little.
2. Old cables
If you use a router connected to your operator’s modem, it is interesting to check the quality of the network cable that connects the devices. An inadequate cable may prevent the router from being able to exploit the full potential of its contracted bandwidth.
Another factor that can influence is the connection of telephone cables to ADSL modems. In older installations, these cables can fail due to time and common deterioration, which will certainly impact network performance.
3. Enemies of Wi-Fi
Some items can greatly compromise the performance of routers and modems. Therefore, before placing your equipment, check if there is an aquarium, mirror or even an LCD screen on the way.
In addition to these, pipes and equipment that emit radio signals, in addition to metallic structures and very thick walls can cause interference, leading to signal instability. So, try to pay attention to the location where your router is positioned, avoiding placing it next to one of these items.
4. Obsolete modem
Whoever hired an internet service some time ago and since then never thought about replacing the modem, may be suffering from the obsolescence of the equipment. Typically, communication companies send basic equipment to consumers, so that in order to have a quality Wi-Fi network, it is necessary to invest in auxiliary equipment.
There are operator modems that use a lower connection speed (54 Mb / s) or do not even have antennas for signal emission. Thus, placing a modern router to transmit the wireless network can improve the quality of the network.
5. Very crowded network
Observing the number of connected devices is very important to understand possible problems in your network. The more devices connected, the more required the router will be. Therefore, an input device may find it difficult to keep the network stable with a greater number of connections.
The Internet also loses in performance as new devices connect. This is because with each new user on the network, the total volume is divided by the devices connected to Wi-Fi. Therefore, slower connections may suffer overload of downloads in the band.
6. Network settings
Configuring your equipment correctly is a fundamental part of keeping your network up and running. In addition to information such as frequencies and channels, setting high safety parameters can make you gain in performance. Using secure passwords and checking devices connected to the router interface are also practices that help prevent loss of network performance with unwanted access.
7. Underused frequency
Currently, most routers use the frequencies of 2.4 and 5 GHz to transmit data. Some devices work on only one frequency, 2.4 GHz, but on dual-band models it is interesting to distribute the connected devices so as not to overload one of the transmission bands.
The 5 GHz band supports a greater number of connected devices, but many devices are still incompatible with this feature. But, if this is possible, the distribution of the equipment between the frequencies can improve the quality of the network, as well as allow a faster connection between the devices.
8. Incorrect use of channels
The channels are also a point to watch. If you live in a condominium, for example, where your neighbors also have routers connected, a large number of equipment using the same channel for transmission can compromise network performance.
Some more modern devices change channels automatically, according to the demand of each one of them. If this is not the case, check the router’s manual and look in the settings for channel management to find out which one your network is operating on. There are mobile applications that can display this information in a simpler way, which should make life easier for less experienced users.
The more connected devices, the lower the network performance. Thus, using a repeater can expand the signal, but also compromise the connection speed. In addition, it is another device emitting signals that can create interference on the network.
Another important point is that, as the repeaters create parallel networks, it is always necessary to observe which point of the network you are connected to. This is because, even using nearby repeaters, it is possible that your equipment is connected to a farther point, with a lower signal intensity.
10. Outdated software
When was the last time you updated your router’s firmware? Like other equipment, network devices receive updates that aim to correct flaws in their operation and prevent vulnerabilities.
Reading the manuals or even checking the manufacturers’ website now and then is one of the ways to find out which is the most up-to-date version of the equipment’s software. The update procedure may vary according to the device, being necessary to check the guidelines of each brand to perform the update.